Liber Herbarum Minor (English)
The incomplete reference-guide to Herbal medicine





Achiote, Alaea laau, Annato, Annatto, Annoto, Arnato, Kumauna, Lipsticktree, Roucou


Bixa orellana Linnaeus


foliage, Fruit, Fruits, Leaf, Plant juice, Root, Root cortex, Roots, Sap, Seed, Shoot, Unspecified, Young bud

Diseases & Uses

Ungrouped Diseases & Uses

Abdominal trouble, Abnormal heart beat, Abscess, Abscesses, Adstringent, Aids digestion, Anaemia, Anemia, Anthelmintic, Anthelmintics, Anti-abscess, Anti-anemic, Antiarrhythmic, Antiarrythmic, Anti-asthmatic, Anti-bacterial, Antibacterial Agent, Antibiotic, Anti-Bronchitic, Anti-diabetic, antidiabetic activity, Anti-diarrheic, Antidiarrhetic, Anti-diarrhoeal, Antidiarrhoeic, Anti-dysenteric, Anti-emetic, Antifebrile, Anti-flu, Antihaemorrhagic, Antihæmorrhagic, Anti-helminthic, Antihelminthics, Anti-helmintic, Anti-hemorrhagic, Anti-hemorrhoidal, Anti-hepatotoxic, Anti-hypertensive, Antihypotensive agent, Antiinflammatory, antiinflammatory agent, Antioxidant, Antipyretic, antiseptic, Antivomitive, Aperient, Aphrodisiac, Apoplectic stroke, apoplexy, Arrhythmia, Arrhytmia, Arterial hypertension, Assist healing of wounds, Asthma, Astrigent, Astringent, Bactericidal, Bactericide, Bacteriostatic, bad digestion, baktericidal, benificial effect on the digestion, Bleeding, Bleeding Stancher, Blepharitis, blood building, Blood Circulation, Blood circulation problems, Blood cleanser, blood cleansing, Blood formation, Bloodforming, Blood-purifier, Bloody flux, Boils, Bronchial catarrh, bronchitis, Bronquite, burn, Burns, cardiac, Cardiac arrhythmia, Cardiac dysrhythmia, cardiac irregularities, cardiac pain, Cardiac tonic, Cardiac trophorestorative, Cardiotonic, catharic, Cathartic, Cerebrovascular accident, check bleeding, cholesterol, cholesterol in blood vessels, Cholesterol Reducer, Cholesterol reduction, Cleanses the blood, complaints of the stomach, constipation, Coolant, cooling, cosmetic, Costive, Costiveness, deficient blood circulation, depurant, Depurative, diabetes, diabetes mellitus, diaorrhea, diarrhea, diarrhoea, Digestive, Digestive stimulant, digestive trouble, Digestive weakness, disease of the stomach, Disinfectant, dispel worms, dispepsia, Diuretic, Dyschezia, dysentery, Dyslipidemia, dyspepsia, Dyssynergic defaecation, emesis, emollient, Emollients, Erectile dysfunction, Erectile function disorder, Eupeptic, expectorant, Expellant of phlegm, expel worms, Eyelid inflammation, Febrifugal, febrifuge, Febrile response, Fever, feverish condition, Fevers, Flu, Gastropathy, General inflammation, General inflammations, Good for digestion, good for the heart, Gripe, Grippe, haematopoiesis, haemorrhage, Haemorrhagic conditions, Haemorrhaging, Haemorrhoids, haemostatic, Hæmostatic, haemostatic, healing, healing cuts, Healing wounds, heal wounds, Heartache, Heart inflammation, heart irregularities, Heart restorative, heart tonic, helmint, hematopoiesis, hemorrhage, Hemorrhaging, Hemorrhoid, hemorrhoids, Hemostat, Hemostatic, Hepatoprotective, High blood pressure, High cholesterol, High levels of cholesterol in the blood, Hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, Hyper tensive, Hypotension, Hypotensive, impotence, impotency, improves digestion, Increases sexual desire, indigestion, Inflammation, inflammation in general, inflammation of the eyelids, inflammation of the lungs, Inflammation of the pharynx, inflammations, Inflammations in general, influenza, inhibit bleeding, Irregular heartbeat, Laxative, loss of blood, Love drug, low blood pressure, lower cholesterol levels in the blood, Lowers bloodpressure, Lung inflammation, Male impotence, Meteorism, Moisturizers, movements of the bowel, Mucolytic agent, Nausea, pains in heart, Pericarditis, pharyngitis, Pick-me-up, Piles, Pneumonia, pneumonitis, poor blood circulation, Poor digestion, Pressor, Promotes digestion, promotes healing of wounds, prostate, Prostatitis, Psychostimulants, Puking, purgative, purify blood, purify the blood, Pyretic, Pyrexia, reduce blood cholesterol, reduce blood fat level, reduce blood pressure, reduce fevers, reduce high bloodpressure, Refrigerant, Refrigerent, relieves fevers, Restores the blood, scorch, Sexual impotence, snakebite, Snake bites, sores, Stanches blood, staunches bleeding, stimulant, Stimulants, stimulates digestion, stimulating, Stiptic, Stomach aliment, stomach complaints, Stomach disease, stomach disorders, stomach problems, stomach trouble, Stop bleeding, Stops bleeding, Stroke, strokes, styptic, sugar diabetis, Swelling of eyes, the flue, Throat affections, throat complaints, Throat Conditions, Throat problems, throat trouble, Throwing up, to cleanse the blood, Traumatic injury, treatment for worms, Vasopressor, Vasopressor agent, Vermicide, vermifugal, vermifuge, Vomit, vomiting, Vulnerary, Warming digestive, worm, worms, Wound, wound care, Wound healing, Wound repair, Wounds, Wounds healing, wound treatment

Other uses

deters insects, Insecticidal, Insecticide, Insectifuge, Insect repellent, repels insects

TCM - Traditional Chinese medicine

TCM MERIDIAN: NA, Traditional Chinese medicine, Used in traditional Chinese medicin

Local (Geographical) use

Phytomedical used by Ribeirinhos in the North Araguaia microregion, Mato Grosso, Brazil, Phytomedical used in Northeastern Brazil, Phytomedical use in Brazil, Phytomedical use in Nicaragua, Phytomedical use in the Guianas (Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana)


 arginine, ascorbic acid, ash, Bixin, Calcium, Carbohydrates, carotenoid, cellulose, Crocetin, Cryptoxanthin, cyanidin, Ellagic acid, essential oil, fat, Fibres, flavonoid, Hemicellulose, Histidine, iron, Isoleucine, Leucine, Lignin, lutein, Lysine, Methionine, mucilage, Myristic acid, Niacin, Nitrogen, Norbixin, Oleic acid, Palmitic acid, pectin, Pentosan, Phenylalanine, phosphorus, protein, salicylic acid, saponin, Silicon dioxide, Stearic acid, Tanning agents, Threonine, Tryptophan, Valine, Vitamin B1, Vitamin B2, water, wax, Zeaxanthin, Β-Carotene

Source: LiberHerbarum/Pn2245

Copyright Erik Gotfredsen